Paralysis is defined as the loss or impairment of the ability to move or feel a body part. Paralysis is typically caused by damage to the nervous system caused by a spinal injury. Many personal injury claims are filed due to paralysis from such torts, among others, as auto accidents, slip and falls, medical negligence, crimes, and workplace injuries.
There are several categories of paralysis, including paraplegia and quadriplegia. The paraplegic has lost the partial or complete ability to move the legs while the quadriplegic is partially or completely unable to move both the legs and arms. Paralysis can be temporary or permanent.
Back injuries can be severe, moderate or minor. Severe back injuries can involve impotence or incontinence. Different awards are made depending on the severity for example neurological deficits, bladder or bowel functions, sexual difficulties and the need for future surgery to fuse the spine.
Moderate injuries include compression fractures of the lumbar spine which includes crush injury of the lumbar vertebrae with risk of osteoarthritis. It also includes severe strain of the back ligaments or muscles resulting in severe back pain.
Minor injuries will include sprains, disc prolapse and soft tissue injuries with full recovery. The award of dames will depend on the seriousness and severity of the injury suffered.