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Types ofInjuries

also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force. This may be caused by accidents, falls, hits,   weapons, and other causes.

Brain Damage

Sadly, serious accidents can lead to a traumatic brain damage & injury. There are many types of accidents that cause a traumatic brain injury (also known as TBI). The most common include motor vehicle accidents, slip and fall, trip and falls, motorcycle and trucking accidents.

Because traumatic brain damage & injuries vary in severity, an experienced personal injury lawyer will need to be able to identify if one has potentially suffered a traumatic brain injury or mild traumatic brain injury. At Cosmas LLC, we make sure you get to specific medical specialists who can perform a series of tests in order to pinpoint a conclusive diagnosis.

Typically, in a case involving head trauma, the injured victim is taken to the hospital via ambulance or airlifted to the closest trauma hospital. Hopefully the emergency room doctor will perform the tests you need to evaluate you and properly address your head trauma. Sometimes, then the doctor orders diagnostics of your brain such as an MRI or CT scan, the findings appear normal. This does not always mean you have has not suffered brain damage as result of the accident but our clients continue to experience head injury symptoms.

At Cosmas LLC, a personal injury firm that specializes in traumatic brain injuries can identify the injury and cause of the injury, which very often is the trauma or accident.

Some symptoms of traumatic brain damage & injury include:

  1. Memory or concentration problems, feeling of confusion
  2. Headaches that are frequent or get worse
  3. Nausea or vomiting several weeks after the accident
  4. Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, dizziness and ringing in the ears
  5. Sensitivity to light or sound
  6. Mood changes or mood swings
  7. Feeling depressed or anxious
  8. Difficulty sleeping or sleeping more than usual
  9. Slurred speech or loss of word retrieval
  10. Weakness or numbness in the extremities
  11. Loss of coordination, bladder control or bowel control
  12. Dizziness or loss of balance

The awards for brain injuries can be classified into severe, moderate and mild categories:

  1. Very severe brain injuries include persons who suffer from severe physical limitations and also has very limited ability to to interact with his environment meaningfully. Whilst he may open his eyes and be able to obey simple commands, he has little or incomprehensible language function, urinary and faecal incontinence and requires full time nursing care to take care of his daily needs.

  2. Moderately severe brain injuries include injured persons who are although more aware of their physical environment than in severe cases still have severe physical and cognitive limitations such that there is heavy reliance on care-givers for constant care. The quantum awarded will depend on many factors including degree of awareness of the environment, life expectancy, extent of physical limitation, degree of dependence, cognitive impairment and risk of epilepsy.

  3. Moderate brain injuries is distinguished from moderately severe brain injuries by the fact that the degree of dependence on care givers is significantly lower and the person is able to perform simple tasks.

  4. Minor brain damage include persons who have made good recovery and are able to take part in normal social life and and able to return to work.

  5. Minor head injury includes persons with little disabilities or minimum residual disabilities.

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